Biology 102 General Biology Lecture

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Carol D. Guzé, Ph.D.


Web site:

Bio 102 Class




BIOLOGY: Concepts and Applications, 6th edition
, by Cecie Starr.

Obtain a text and the CD-ROM. The disk and your text have self-quizzes with answers (see answers in the Appendix). Also, be sure to use the Index and Appendices in the back of the text. Use the Glossary of Biological Terms, it will be of immense value.

If you plan to teach, we encourage you to sign up for the Bio 103 laboratory section designed specifically for you and it is taught by an experienced practicing K-12 teacher who is a graduate of the Biology Master's degree program.


The Center for Learning and Academic Support Services (C.L.A.S.S.) ( provides tutoring in a number of subjects including biology and offers computer use facilities as well. It also provides a comfortable learning and studying environment where students can ask questions and receive academic support. While tutors can help you, remember that you will be much better served by discussing any difficult areas with the professor.

Lecture Topics & Chapters in the Text

I. The Cellular Basis of Life

The Origin of Life on Earth


18, 1

Biomolecules: Are You What You Eat?


1, 2, 3



12, 13,

Viruses, Cells and Cell Organelles


4, 19

Antibiotic Resistance
Vaccines, Immunity, Antibodies


30, 34 and see page entries listed in the Index

Metabolism and Energy Production


5, 6, 7 Appendix V


II. Principles of Inheritance and Development

Cell Division: Like Begets
Like (Mitosis) and Unlike (Meiosis)


8, 9

Human Reproduction and Development
(Teratogens in Human Development)



Mendelian Genetics
(work genetics problems at the end of the chapter)


10 (answers are in Appendix IV)

Genes, Chromosomes and Mutations



Human Genetics
(work Genetics problems at end of chapter)


11 (Answers are in Appendix IV)


III. Principles of Evolution &
IV. Evolution, Ecology and The Diversity of Life

Evidence and Mechanisms of Evolution


16, 17, 18

The Five Kingdoms


Appendix I

Viruses, Bacteria












Animals: Invertebrates and Vertebrates....
Animals with and without backbones


22, 23


V. Animal Structure and Function:
Human Anatomy and Physiology

Tissues, Organs, Systems


28, 32

Protection, Support and Movement



Nutrition-Digestive System



Gas Exchange-Respiratory System



Circulatory System-Immune System


33, 34

Excretory System
(The Internal Environment)



Endocrine-Nervous Systems


29, 30, 31

Course Objectives


By the end of the course you should be able to:

  • 1. Describe the cellular basis of life and the structure and function of the major cellular organelles
  • 2. Describe the structure and function of the biomolecules used in the construction of all cells
  • 3. Explain the nature of viruses, how they differ from cells and why antibiotics do not control them
  • 4. Explain the nature of the genetic material (DNA) and how it replicates, stores and transmits information
  • 5. Explain how new organisms are produced sexually and how they develop from a fertilized egg.
  • 6. Describe the five Kingdoms of organisms and the major animal and vertebrate groups
  • 7. Describe the function and structure of the major organ systems in animals and humans.

Suggestions for Studying

Read over the notes before class and use the print out to take notes during the class. Be sure you can identify the main ideas in each paragraph. After class make note cards for the new vocabulary and concepts you encountered in the lecture and the lecture notes. Be sure to ask questions (e-mail works) about anything you do not understand or about which you would like further explanation.